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The acute, mild cases of pancreatitis in dogs are usually recovered from uneventfully and dogs suffer no long term effects. The severe cases can sometimes be fatal as dogs can go into shock. Some dogs that recover from an acute episode of pancreatitis may continue to have recurrent bouts of the disease known as chronic, relapsing pancreatitis. This is where the digestive enzymes keep spilling into the abdomen and cause damage to surrounding organs, such as the liver, gall bladder, bile ducts and intestines. Infection of the pancreas is uncommon but can also develop.
Dogs are more likely to fully recover from acute pancreatitis if you stick to a low fat diet for them long term. Prevention is better than cure and they should avoid high fat food such as garbage scraps at all times. This is especially during holiday times when people eat more fatty food and dogs try to scavenge.